3. Legal and social barriers to fertility control should be promptly removed and broad social acceptance and support of fertility control should be fostered, including, where health services permit, medically safe abortions and sterilization.
RECOMMENDATION Two: NATIONAL POPULATION-INFLUENCING
To serve national objectives of economic development, public health and welfare, and environmental conservation, we recommend that all nations establish policies to influence the rate of growth of their populations and to adopt politically and ethically acceptable measures toward this end that are within their administrative and economic capability. For most nations of the world the major goal of population-influencing policies should be a reduction in fertility.
Responsible population-influencing policies require adequate demographic data and analysis and will always take into account the attitudes and felt needs of the people. They can be formulated best in the light of economic and political analysis of the complex interrelationships between population growth and economic and social development and with full understanding of the benefits to individual families of a small number of children in each family.
1. The highest level of government is the natural locus for leadership in the formulation of population-influencing policies and the coordination of policy-implementing programs.
Many departments of government, including those concerned with education, health and welfare, public laws, food and nutrition, biological and social research, housing, social security, and national service, should be involved in planning and carrying out welfare and other policies that have fertility reduction as one objective. These policies can best be coordinated and resources allocated for their implementation by the planning or budgeting agencies of governments if they are to make a maximum contribution to the national goals of fertility reduction.
2. Public policies and programs pertaining to human fertility require review at frequent intervals to facilitate modification in the light of changing conditions.
There is much room for experimentation because such programs are highly innovative, but the experimentation will be most useful only if the results are realistically evaluated. If they are successful, the programs will pass through a series of stages. At all stages, the attitudes, values, and level of information of the people being served should influence the program planners.
The effects of population shifts, urbanization, mortality reduction programs, and other population-influencing factors must be carefully weighed as